Category Archives: Uncategorized

Ban on Firecrackers in Delhi

The Supreme Court of India has imposed a ban on the sale of Firecrackers in Delhi this Diwali. Every year there is a spike in the pollution levels in Delhi NCR in the winters. Last year a record was created after Diwali when the pollution levels soared so high that the pollution measuring devices couldn’t record the measurements any more. No doubt there are many contributing factors to the high pollution levels in the capital. But, the spike on Diwali is definitely due to the fumes from the firecrackers.

Schools have encouraged children and parents to stay away from firecrackers. Since there is no availability of firecrackers in the market and no child is able to buy any. Thus children don’t feel left out because their neighbours and friends are also not bursting any firecrackers.

This opens up several options. What will people and children do instead of bursting firecrackers? Well, they could spend more time having a nice chat with each other. Or, they could build something together. Maybe start a project this Diwali with an achievement timeline of next Diwali. Think of celebrating a Digital Diwali with amazing holograms by each RWA. The list can be very long.

I invite your comments. Click Join Contest and Leave a Comment by completing the specified sentence. One random winner will win an Online Shopping Gift Voucher for Rs. 50*

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The instructions and Terms & Conditions are as follows:
• Participants enter their email and click ‘Join Contest’ at http://oktata.com/ban-on-firecrackers-in-delhi
• Login to the Comments section of the above article and post your comment by completing the sentence: Instead of burning firecrackers this Diwali I will _____________________________

• Login using Gmail id only

• If required please write to oktatacontests@gmail.com
• One random winner will receive a Gift Card worth Rs. 50/- of an online shopping portal. Should this not be possible an alternative gift of similar value will be provided.
*Terms & Conditions
1. OKTATA.COM has organized this contest for bloggers.
2. There is no entry fee to enter this competition.
3. By entering this competition an entrant agrees to be bound by these terms and conditions.
4. Contestants must be 18 years of age or older.
4. Details are provided at http://oktata.com/ban-on-firecrackers-in-delhi
5. Only one entry will be accepted per person. Multiple entries from the same person will be disqualified. The contest is open to citizens of India.
7. The contest will end on 23:30 PM, IST, on 19 Oct, 2017. Entries received after the cut-off time and date will not be considered.
8. No responsibility can be accepted for entries that are not received for whatever reason.
9. The contest may be cancelled due to unavoidable reasons.
10. The winner will be notified by email within 15 days of the closing date. If a winner cannot be contacted within 15 days his/her reward will be forfeited.
11. OKTATA.COM’s decision shall be final and no correspondence shall be entertained.
12. The participant agrees to the use of his/her name and image in any publicity material, as well as their entry.
13. All content submitted by you to OKTATA.COM may be published by OKTATA.COM and OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to preserve, return, or otherwise make available to you or others any material.
14. OKTATA.COM may use, reproduce, edit, display, transmit, prepare derivative works of, modify, publish, and otherwise make use of the Submitted Content in any and all media, whether now known or hereinafter created—throughout the world and for any purpose—without compensation to you of any kind.
15. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM, you represent and warrant that the Content does not infringe any copyright, trademark, property rights, rights of privacy or publicity of any person, or any other right of any third party and that you have the full and unrestricted right to transfer the Content to OKTATA.COM free and clear of any claims or encumbrances.
16. You acknowledge and agree that OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to post, display, or otherwise make publicly available any Content submitted by you.
17. You acknowledge and agree that Content submitted by you may be made available by OKTATA.COM for viewing, rating, reviewing, and commenting by the public. You acknowledge that comments or ratings that you disagree with or are unhappy about may be published or otherwise become associated with the Content that you submit to OKTATA.COM. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM you waive any privacy expectations that you may have with respect to the Content.
18. You agree to hold OKTATA.COM harmless from and against—and hereby waive any right to pursue—any claims of any nature arising in connection with OKTATA.COM’s use of the Content submitted to OKTATA.COM and used in any manner in its sole and absolute discretion.

The instructions and Terms & Conditions are as follows:
• Participants enter their email and click ‘Join Contest’ at http://oktata.com/ban-on-firecrackers-in-delhi
• Login to the Comments section of the above article and post your comment by completing the sentence: Instead of burning firecrackers this Diwali I will _____________________________

• Login using Gmail id only

• If required please write to oktatacontests@gmail.com
• One random winner will receive a Gift Card worth Rs. 50/- of an online shopping portal. Should this not be possible an alternative gift of similar value will be provided.
*Terms & Conditions
1. OKTATA.COM has organized this contest for bloggers.
2. There is no entry fee to enter this competition.
3. By entering this competition an entrant agrees to be bound by these terms and conditions.
4. Contestants must be 18 years of age or older.
4. Details are provided at http://oktata.com/ban-on-firecrackers-in-delhi
5. Only one entry will be accepted per person. Multiple entries from the same person will be disqualified. The contest is open to citizens of India.
7. The contest will end on 23:30 PM, IST, on 19 Oct, 2017. Entries received after the cut-off time and date will not be considered.
8. No responsibility can be accepted for entries that are not received for whatever reason.
9. The contest may be cancelled due to unavoidable reasons.
10. The winner will be notified by email within 15 days of the closing date. If a winner cannot be contacted within 15 days his/her reward will be forfeited.
11. OKTATA.COM’s decision shall be final and no correspondence shall be entertained.
12. The participant agrees to the use of his/her name and image in any publicity material, as well as their entry.
13. All content submitted by you to OKTATA.COM may be published by OKTATA.COM and OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to preserve, return, or otherwise make available to you or others any material.
14. OKTATA.COM may use, reproduce, edit, display, transmit, prepare derivative works of, modify, publish, and otherwise make use of the Submitted Content in any and all media, whether now known or hereinafter created—throughout the world and for any purpose—without compensation to you of any kind.
15. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM, you represent and warrant that the Content does not infringe any copyright, trademark, property rights, rights of privacy or publicity of any person, or any other right of any third party and that you have the full and unrestricted right to transfer the Content to OKTATA.COM free and clear of any claims or encumbrances.
16. You acknowledge and agree that OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to post, display, or otherwise make publicly available any Content submitted by you.
17. You acknowledge and agree that Content submitted by you may be made available by OKTATA.COM for viewing, rating, reviewing, and commenting by the public. You acknowledge that comments or ratings that you disagree with or are unhappy about may be published or otherwise become associated with the Content that you submit to OKTATA.COM. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM you waive any privacy expectations that you may have with respect to the Content.
18. You agree to hold OKTATA.COM harmless from and against—and hereby waive any right to pursue—any claims of any nature arising in connection with OKTATA.COM’s use of the Content submitted to OKTATA.COM and used in any manner in its sole and absolute discretion.

*Please refer to the Terms and Conditions

Paragraph Writing Contest for Mothers

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PARAGRAPH WRITING CONTEST for MOTHERS
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Contest Rules & Disclaimer

1. OKTATA.COM has organized this contest for mothers towards the end of the kids’ summer holidays.
2. There is no entry fee to enter this competition.
3. By entering this competition an entrant agrees to be bound by these terms and conditions.
4. Contestants must be 18 years of age or older.
4. Details are provided at http:// oktata.com/paragraph-writing-contest-for-mothers/
5. Only one entry will be accepted per person. Multiple entries from the same person will be disqualified. The contest is open to citizens of India.
6. Entries must be made by Parents/Guardians by using their own email id.
7. The contest will end at 11: 30 PM, IST, on 9 July, 2017. Participants must Click on ‘Join Contest’ at the above link & email their submission to oktataconstests@gmail.com. Entries received after the cut-off time and date will not be considered.
8. No responsibility can be accepted for entries that are not received for whatever reason.
9. The contest may be cancelled due to unavoidable reasons.
10. The winner will be notified by email within 15 days of the closing date. If a winner cannot be contacted within 14 days his/her reward will be forfeited.
11. OKTATA.COM’s decision shall be final and no correspondence shall be entertained.
12. The participant agrees to the use of his/her name and image in any publicity material, as well as their entry.
13. All content submitted by you to OKTATA.COM may be published by OKTATA.COM and OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to preserve, return, or otherwise make available to you or others any material.
14. OKTATA.COM may use, reproduce, edit, display, transmit, prepare derivative works of, modify, publish, and otherwise make use of the Submitted Content in any and all media, whether now known or hereinafter created—throughout the world and for any purpose—without compensation to you of any kind.
15. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM, you represent and warrant that the Content does not infringe any copyright, trademark, property rights, rights of privacy or publicity of any person, or any other right of any third party and that you have the full and unrestricted right to transfer the Content to OKTATA.COM free and clear of any claims or encumbrances.
16. You acknowledge and agree that OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to post, display, or otherwise make publicly available any Content submitted by you.
17. You acknowledge and agree that Content submitted by you may be made available by OKTATA.COM for viewing, rating, reviewing, and commenting by the public. You acknowledge that comments or ratings that you disagree with or are unhappy about may be published or otherwise become associated with the Content that you submit to OKTATA.COM. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM you waive any privacy expectations that you may have with respect to the Content.
18. You agree to hold OKTATA.COM harmless from and against—and hereby waive any right to pursue—any claims of any nature arising in connection with OKTATA.COM’s use of the Content submitted to OKTATA.COM and used in any manner in its sole and absolute discretion.

1. OKTATA.COM has organized this contest for mothers towards the end of the kids’ summer holidays.
2. There is no entry fee to enter this competition.
3. By entering this competition an entrant agrees to be bound by these terms and conditions.
4. Contestants must be 18 years of age or older.
4. Details are provided at http:// oktata.com/paragraph-writing-contest-for-mothers/
5. Only one entry will be accepted per person. Multiple entries from the same person will be disqualified. The contest is open to citizens of India.
6. Entries must be made by Parents/Guardians by using their own email id.
7. The contest will end at 11: 30 PM, IST, on 9 July, 2017. Participants must Click on ‘Join Contest’ at the above link & email their submission to oktataconstests@gmail.com. Entries received after the cut-off time and date will not be considered.
8. No responsibility can be accepted for entries that are not received for whatever reason.
9. The contest may be cancelled due to unavoidable reasons.
10. The winner will be notified by email within 15 days of the closing date. If a winner cannot be contacted within 14 days his/her reward will be forfeited.
11. OKTATA.COM’s decision shall be final and no correspondence shall be entertained.
12. The participant agrees to the use of his/her name and image in any publicity material, as well as their entry.
13. All content submitted by you to OKTATA.COM may be published by OKTATA.COM and OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to preserve, return, or otherwise make available to you or others any material.
14. OKTATA.COM may use, reproduce, edit, display, transmit, prepare derivative works of, modify, publish, and otherwise make use of the Submitted Content in any and all media, whether now known or hereinafter created—throughout the world and for any purpose—without compensation to you of any kind.
15. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM, you represent and warrant that the Content does not infringe any copyright, trademark, property rights, rights of privacy or publicity of any person, or any other right of any third party and that you have the full and unrestricted right to transfer the Content to OKTATA.COM free and clear of any claims or encumbrances.
16. You acknowledge and agree that OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to post, display, or otherwise make publicly available any Content submitted by you.
17. You acknowledge and agree that Content submitted by you may be made available by OKTATA.COM for viewing, rating, reviewing, and commenting by the public. You acknowledge that comments or ratings that you disagree with or are unhappy about may be published or otherwise become associated with the Content that you submit to OKTATA.COM. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM you waive any privacy expectations that you may have with respect to the Content.
18. You agree to hold OKTATA.COM harmless from and against—and hereby waive any right to pursue—any claims of any nature arising in connection with OKTATA.COM’s use of the Content submitted to OKTATA.COM and used in any manner in its sole and absolute discretion.

The rules of the competition and instructions are as follows:

• This is a PARAGRAPH WRITING CONTEST for MOTHERS
• Contestants must enter their email and click ‘Join Contest’ at oktata.com/ paragraph-writing-contest-for-mothers/
• The topic is MY ONLINE SHOPPING SPREE
• Participants must write at least 300 words about the topic provided
• Venue: You can write in the comfort of your home
• Files with .doc & .docx extension should be mailed to oktataconstests@gmail.com by 11:30 PM, IST, on 9 July, 2017. Entries received later than that will not be considered. The subject line should bear: ‘Name of the Participant- PWC for Mothers-June 2017’ (e.g. Suruchi Verma-PWC for Mothers-June 2017)
• Speech to Text facility may be used on Android, iPhone and desktop computers since it can speed up submissions. Care should be taken to correct the text after using Speech to Text technology
• Test the Speech to Text service beforehand. Find a quiet place in your home and request family members to support you.
• The winner will receive a Gift Card worth Rs. 250/- of an online shopping portal. Should this not be possible an alternative prize of similar value will be provided.

*Terms & Conditions
1. OKTATA.COM has organized this contest for mothers towards the end of the kids’ summer holidays.
2. There is no entry fee to enter this competition.
3. By entering this competition an entrant agrees to be bound by these terms and conditions.
4. Contestants must be 18 years of age or older.
4. Details are provided at http:// oktata.com/paragraph-writing-contest-for-mothers/
5. Only one entry will be accepted per person. Multiple entries from the same person will be disqualified. The contest is open to citizens of India.
6. Entries must be made by Parents/Guardians by using their own email id.
7. The contest will end at 11: 30 PM, IST, on 9 July, 2017. Participants must Click on ‘Join Contest’ at the above link & email their submission to oktataconstests@gmail.com. Entries received after the cut-off time and date will not be considered.
8. No responsibility can be accepted for entries that are not received for whatever reason.
9. The contest may be cancelled due to unavoidable reasons.
10. The winner will be notified by email within 15 days of the closing date. If a winner cannot be contacted within 14 days his/her reward will be forfeited.
11. OKTATA.COM’s decision shall be final and no correspondence shall be entertained.
12. The participant agrees to the use of his/her name and image in any publicity material, as well as their entry.
13. All content submitted by you to OKTATA.COM may be published by OKTATA.COM and OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to preserve, return, or otherwise make available to you or others any material.
14. OKTATA.COM may use, reproduce, edit, display, transmit, prepare derivative works of, modify, publish, and otherwise make use of the Submitted Content in any and all media, whether now known or hereinafter created—throughout the world and for any purpose—without compensation to you of any kind.
15. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM, you represent and warrant that the Content does not infringe any copyright, trademark, property rights, rights of privacy or publicity of any person, or any other right of any third party and that you have the full and unrestricted right to transfer the Content to OKTATA.COM free and clear of any claims or encumbrances.
16. You acknowledge and agree that OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to post, display, or otherwise make publicly available any Content submitted by you.
17. You acknowledge and agree that Content submitted by you may be made available by OKTATA.COM for viewing, rating, reviewing, and commenting by the public. You acknowledge that comments or ratings that you disagree with or are unhappy about may be published or otherwise become associated with the Content that you submit to OKTATA.COM. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM you waive any privacy expectations that you may have with respect to the Content.
18. You agree to hold OKTATA.COM harmless from and against—and hereby waive any right to pursue—any claims of any nature arising in connection with OKTATA.COM’s use of the Content submitted to OKTATA.COM and used in any manner in its sole and absolute discretion.

Water Purifier for home use

For decades we have been using a water purifier for home use. I do remember a time ages ago when a water purifier was not required. We used to live in a locality with 24 hours’ clean water supply. We could drink water straight from the tap. In the Winters that is. In the summers we had an earthen pot, the Matka, in which water would stay cool. It quenched the thirst much better than refrigerated water. Not only us but every one had a Matka apart from the fridge. The fridge would turn watery when the electricity would go off. And that was frequent. I think a Matka used natural sedimentation to purify water.

In due course of time the 24 hour water supply ran dry. We had restricted water supply in the mornings and evenings. Yet, we didn’t need a water purifier. We would store water in various pots and pans and a steel bucket. Gradually the quality of water deteriorated and we needed a water purifier for home use. It was an ultra violet water purifier, Aquaguard, by Eureka Forbes.

As time passed by RO Systems (Reverse Osmosis Water Purifiers) came into the market. These were intially very expensive and used only in offices and factories. Now RO water purifiers for home use are easily available. Practically all flat dwellers in Gurgaon and Noida use an RO system. In Gurgaon people use RO Systems to clean the bore well water. It is a slow process. An RO system can cost twice as much as the UV system.

I wonder what chai pakoda made with water from an RO system will taste like. Sometimes when there is no electricity supply and the water purifier can’t be switched on or when there is no water supply we need to buy bottled water. Though it is called mineral water it is just water purified by one process or the other. It has a queer plastic taste to it that sticks in the mouth long after having sipped it.

Paragraph Writing Contest for Kids

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PARAGRAPH WRITING CONTEST for students in Classes IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI & XII in India
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Contest Rules & Disclaimer

1. OKTATA.COM has organized this contest to encourage kids to hone their skills during the Summer Holidays.
2. There is no entry fee to enter this competition.
3. By entering this competition an entrant agrees to be bound by these terms and conditions.
4. The details are provided at http://oktata.com/paragraph-writing-contest-kids/
5. Only one entry will be accepted per person. Multiple entries from the same person will be disqualified. The contest is open to citizens of India.
6. Entries must be made by Parents/Guardians by using their own email id.
7. The contest will begin at 11: 00 PM, IST, on 23 June 2017 and the participants must Click on ‘Join Contest’ before that. The contest will end at 11 PM 25 June 2017. Entries received after that will not be considered.
8. No responsibility can be accepted for entries that are not received for whatever reason.
9. The contest may be cancelled due to unavoidable reasons.
10. The winner will be notified by email within 15 days of the closing date. If a winner cannot be contacted within 14 days his/her reward will be forfeited.
11. OKTATA.COM’s decision shall be final and no correspondence shall be entertained.
12. The participant agrees to the use of his/her name and image in any publicity material, as well as their entry.
13. All content submitted by you to OKTATA.COM may be published by OKTATA.COM and OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to preserve, return, or otherwise make available to you or others any material.
14. OKTATA.COM may use, reproduce, edit, display, transmit, prepare derivative works of, modify, publish, and otherwise make use of the Submitted Content in any and all media, whether now known or hereinafter created—throughout the world and for any purpose—without compensation to you of any kind.
15. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM, you represent and warrant that the Content does not infringe any copyright, trademark, property rights, rights of privacy or publicity of any person, or any other right of any third party and that you have the full and unrestricted right to transfer the Content to OKTATA.COM free and clear of any claims or encumbrances.
16. You acknowledge and agree that OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to post, display, or otherwise make publicly available any Content submitted by you.
17. You acknowledge and agree that Content submitted by you may be made available by OKTATA.COM for viewing, rating, reviewing, and commenting by the public. You acknowledge that comments or ratings that you disagree with or are unhappy about may be published or otherwise become associated with the Content that you submit to OKTATA.COM. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM you waive any privacy expectations that you may have with respect to the Content.
18. You agree to hold OKTATA.COM harmless from and against—and hereby waive any right to pursue—any claims of any nature arising in connection with OKTATA.COM’s use of the Content submitted to OKTATA.COM and used in any manner in its sole and absolute discretion.

1. OKTATA.COM has organized this contest to encourage kids to hone their skills during the Summer Holidays.
2. There is no entry fee to enter this competition.
3. By entering this competition an entrant agrees to be bound by these terms and conditions.
4. The details are provided at http://oktata.com/paragraph-writing-contest-kids/
5. Only one entry will be accepted per person. Multiple entries from the same person will be disqualified. The contest is open to citizens of India.
6. Entries must be made by Parents/Guardians by using their own email id.
7. The contest will begin at 11: 00 PM, IST, on 23 June 2017 and the participants must Click on ‘Join Contest’ before that. The contest will end at 11 PM 25 June 2017. Entries received after that will not be considered.
8. No responsibility can be accepted for entries that are not received for whatever reason.
9. The contest may be cancelled due to unavoidable reasons.
10. The winner will be notified by email within 15 days of the closing date. If a winner cannot be contacted within 14 days his/her reward will be forfeited.
11. OKTATA.COM’s decision shall be final and no correspondence shall be entertained.
12. The participant agrees to the use of his/her name and image in any publicity material, as well as their entry.
13. All content submitted by you to OKTATA.COM may be published by OKTATA.COM and OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to preserve, return, or otherwise make available to you or others any material.
14. OKTATA.COM may use, reproduce, edit, display, transmit, prepare derivative works of, modify, publish, and otherwise make use of the Submitted Content in any and all media, whether now known or hereinafter created—throughout the world and for any purpose—without compensation to you of any kind.
15. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM, you represent and warrant that the Content does not infringe any copyright, trademark, property rights, rights of privacy or publicity of any person, or any other right of any third party and that you have the full and unrestricted right to transfer the Content to OKTATA.COM free and clear of any claims or encumbrances.
16. You acknowledge and agree that OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to post, display, or otherwise make publicly available any Content submitted by you.
17. You acknowledge and agree that Content submitted by you may be made available by OKTATA.COM for viewing, rating, reviewing, and commenting by the public. You acknowledge that comments or ratings that you disagree with or are unhappy about may be published or otherwise become associated with the Content that you submit to OKTATA.COM. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM you waive any privacy expectations that you may have with respect to the Content.
18. You agree to hold OKTATA.COM harmless from and against—and hereby waive any right to pursue—any claims of any nature arising in connection with OKTATA.COM’s use of the Content submitted to OKTATA.COM and used in any manner in its sole and absolute discretion.

The rules of the competition and instructions are as follows:

• This is a PARAGRAPH WRITING CONTEST for students in Classes IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI & XII in school

• Parents/Guardians must enter their email and click ‘Join Contest’ at http://oktata.com/paragraph-writing-contest-kids/

• There are four categories: Classes IV & V, Classes VI, VII, VIII, Classes IX & X and Classes XI & XII

• Topic for Classes IV, V – MY DREAM HOLIDAY
• Topic for Classes VI, VII, VIII – MY FAVOURITE HOBBY
• Topic for Classes IX, X – MY FAVOURITE SUBJECT
• Topic for Classes XI, XII – AIR QUALITY IN DELHI

• Classes IV & V participants must write at least 150 words about the topic provided

• Classes VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI & XII participants must write at least 300 words about the topic provided

• Venue: You can write in the comfort of your home

• Speech to Text facility may be used on Android, iPhone and desktop computers since it can speed up submissions. Care should be taken to correct the text after using Speech to Text technology

• Test the Speech to Text service beforehand. Find a quiet place in your home and request family members to support you.

• Files with .doc & .docx extension should be mailed to oktataconstests@gmail.com by 11:00 PM, IST, on 25 June, 2017. Entries received later than that will not be considered. The subject line should bear: ‘Name of the student- ‘Class XYZ’- ‘June 2017’ (e.g. Deepak Gupta-Class IV-June 2017)

• The winner will receive a Gift Card worth Rs. 250/- of an online shopping portal. Should this not be possible an alternative prize of similar value will be provided.

*Terms & Conditions

1. OKTATA.COM has organized this contest to encourage kids to hone their skills during the Summer Holidays.
2. There is no entry fee to enter this competition.
3. By entering this competition an entrant agrees to be bound by these terms and conditions.
4. The details are provided at http://oktata.com/paragraph-writing-contest-kids/
5. Only one entry will be accepted per person. Multiple entries from the same person will be disqualified. The contest is open to citizens of India.
6. Entries must be made by Parents/Guardians by using their own email id.
7. The contest will begin at 11: 00 PM, IST, on 23 June 2017 and the participants must Click on ‘Join Contest’ before that. The contest will end at 11 PM 25 June 2017. Entries received after that will not be considered.
8. No responsibility can be accepted for entries that are not received for whatever reason.
9. The contest may be cancelled due to unavoidable reasons.
10. The winner will be notified by email within 15 days of the closing date. If a winner cannot be contacted within 14 days his/her reward will be forfeited.
11. OKTATA.COM’s decision shall be final and no correspondence shall be entertained.
12. The participant agrees to the use of his/her name and image in any publicity material, as well as their entry.
13. All content submitted by you to OKTATA.COM may be published by OKTATA.COM and OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to preserve, return, or otherwise make available to you or others any material.
14. OKTATA.COM may use, reproduce, edit, display, transmit, prepare derivative works of, modify, publish, and otherwise make use of the Submitted Content in any and all media, whether now known or hereinafter created—throughout the world and for any purpose—without compensation to you of any kind.
15. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM, you represent and warrant that the Content does not infringe any copyright, trademark, property rights, rights of privacy or publicity of any person, or any other right of any third party and that you have the full and unrestricted right to transfer the Content to OKTATA.COM free and clear of any claims or encumbrances.
16. You acknowledge and agree that OKTATA.COM shall have no obligation to post, display, or otherwise make publicly available any Content submitted by you.
17. You acknowledge and agree that Content submitted by you may be made available by OKTATA.COM for viewing, rating, reviewing, and commenting by the public. You acknowledge that comments or ratings that you disagree with or are unhappy about may be published or otherwise become associated with the Content that you submit to OKTATA.COM. By submitting Content to OKTATA.COM you waive any privacy expectations that you may have with respect to the Content.
18.You agree to hold OKTATA.COM harmless from and against—and hereby waive any right to pursue—any claims of any nature arising in connection with OKTATA.COM’s use of the Content submitted to OKTATA.COM & used in any manner in its sole and absolute discretion.

Used Mobile Phones

My mobile phone journey started with a cellular phone. Well, years ago mobile phones were referred to as ‘cellphones.’ Subsequently the word ‘handphone’ gained ground and still later the word ‘mobile’ came into vogue. Now I am seldom mobile without my mobile. Over the years I have used mobile phones of various manufacturers.

As my first purchase I wanted to buy the Nokia 5110. It was a robust phone capable of taking a few knocks. Just before the shopkeeper handed it to me I enquired about any other new releases. I was handed a Motorola T300. I bought it and was greatly disappointed. Both with the quality of the phone and with my decision of not buying the Nokia 5110. Very soon the company I worked for deployed a CUG plan for all employees and I was handed an LG phone. Then the company policy changed and we were allowed to buy our own handsets. This time I made the right choice. I bought the Nokia 3310. Texting was a pleasure. The dictionary was wonderful. I swapped from one conference call to another. Like a breeze.

By this time I had used mobile phones for a few years and realized that the mobile phone device would change every year or so. Soon, thereafter I moved to another company and it was time for another device. Yet, again a Nokia.This time it was Nokia 6230i with a camera and Bluetooth. I used the GPRS frequently on this phone and even browsed the net a few times.

The next mobile phone was Nokia 3110. Moving contacts from the old to the new phone using Bluetooth was easy. I didn’t transfer contacts directly between the phones. I first transferred contacts using Bluetooth from the old phone to my computer and from the computer to the new mobile phone using Bluetooth.

Sometime later it was time for another phone change because the Nokia 3110 had suffered more than its share of knocks on the floor. Though I wanted to buy an Android I chose to go in for a BlackBerry Curve 9300 because it had a physical qwerty keyboard. When this wouldn’t go any far even after body and battery changes I opted for a Blackberry Curve 8520. With the Blackberry devices browsing on the phone zoomed up. I browsed in the park, browsed in the parking lot and confess to having browsed in the toilet. The optical track pad was great!

When the time came round for another device change I opted for the Red Mi Note 4G from Xiaomi. The big screen made reading long articles a simple and tiring experience for the neck. The best part was the battery back up of the phone. From that I migrated to a Samsung J7.

I have used an iPhone as well since many of my friends and relatives have one. Certainly the image quality of an iPhone is amazing. I have borrowed it several times and the iPhone’s camera is of outstanding quality.

My latest experience includes having used mobile phones with 2 SIM cards.

Oktata and Oktatas

I have written this post in English and translated it to Hungarian using the translation service provided by Google. Any error is inadvertent. The English text is provided below the Hungarian text.

Az oktató szó emlékezik egy kemény emberre. A feladat mestere, aki nem szúr semmi ostobaságot. Nem vicceket szórakoztatnánk. Talán egy ilyen egyén volt az inspiráció a Pink Floyd “No need no education” című dalra. Több oktatóval is kapcsolatba léptem, akik épp ellenkezőleg voltak. Arra koncentrálnak, hogy a legjobbat hozza ki egy személyből, felismerve, hogy mindenki nem válhat a legjobbak közé a társaik között. Megértik, hogy mindenki más sebességgel tanul. És azt is, hogy mindenki az oktatási cél egy adott területen más lenne. Két ember tanulhatja a zongorát nagyon különböző okokból ugyanabból a tanárból. Az egyik egy előadóművész, a másik pedig egy sikeres amatőr. Az oktató nem feltétlenül a legjobb személy a területen. A legjobb ember a helyszínen nem lehet jó. Az oktatás megszerzéséhez más készségekre van szükség, mint a tökéletesítőnek a területen. Néhány évvel ezelőtt Novak Djokovic Boris Becker volt az edzője, míg Roger Federer Stefan Edberg volt az edzője. A játék ezen szintjén kíváncsi vagyok, hogy mit mond az edző a hallgatónak. Az indiai krikett csapat tizenöt éve külföldi edzővel rendelkezett. Nemrég váltottak indiai edzőre. Azt hiszem, van egy különbség az edző és az oktató között. Végül is a játékosok sokéves edzésen, kemény munka és többszörös kiválasztási folyamatokon mennek keresztül, hogy a legmagasabb szintű sportot választják.

A Nalanda Egyetem az egyik legkorábbi egyetem a világon. Ki tanított ott? Ki tanult ott? Mi volt a pedagógia? Könnyű volt a felvétel? Hogyan viszonyulnak a mai egyetemek az ő ősi oktatási székhellyel?

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Instructor and Education

The word instructor brings to mind a tough individual. A task master who would brook no nonsense. No jokes would be entertained. Perhaps such an individual was the inspiration for the song ‘We don’t need no Education’ by the Pink Floyd. I have interacted with several instructors who were just the opposite. They focus on bringing the best out of a person realizing that everyone may not become the best amongst peers. They understand that everyone learns at a different speed. And also that everyone’s goal for education in a particular field would be different. Two people may learn the piano for very different reasons from the same teacher. One to be a performer, the other to be an accomplished amateur. The instructor need not be the best person in the field. The best person in the field may not be a good isntructor. To impart education a different skill set is required than to be a perfectionist in the field. Some time ago Novak Djokovic had Boris Becker as his coach while Roger Federer had Stefan Edberg as his coach. At that level of the game I wonder what the coach tells the student. The Indian cricket team had a foreign coaches for fifteen years. Recently they have switched to having an Indian coach. I guess there must be a differnce between a coach and an instructor. After all, the players go through many years of training, hard work and mulitple selection processes to make it to the top most level of the sport of their choosing.

Nalanda Univerity was one of the earliest universities int he world. Who taught there? Who studied there? What was the pedagogy followed? Were admissions tough? How do the present day universities compare with this ancient seat of education?

The True Cost of Petrol

The actual money spent on petrol is not just the amount/litre. It includes the following also. It is clear that an increase in the cost petrol has a manifold effect.

1. Time spent on the commute to and from the petrol pump.
2. Petrol spent on the commute to and from the petrol pump.
3. Time spent in the queue for petrol
4. Transaction charges paid to the credit card company
5. If you get into a fight while getting petrol you have to bear the emotional, physical and material damages
6. Money spent on the relieving the headache after going through all this
7. Even if you can afford to get the tank full every time it still means more number of trips to the petrol pump

The Mathematics of 1,76,000 Crores (US 38.72 billion)

Understanding big numbers is not easy. I am used to dealing with small amounts. I broke it into smaller numbers I could understand.

176 crore 1000 Rupee notes placed side by side would cover 3,11,520 km or cover the equator 7 times (based on the dimensions at the RBI site)

If you ran 10 km/day it would take you 85 years to cover that distance. A task clearly out of reach of our cricket team. They retire in their thirties.

The average distance from Earth to Moon is 3,81,554 km. A bridge construced of 176 crore notes of 1000 Rupee denomination would plunge you into the vacuum of space.

A Maruti 800 with an average of 16 km/litre would need 19,470 litres of petrol to travel this distance. Out of reach of the middle class.

A Formula 1 car with a speed of 300 km/hour would have to scramble for 43 days to cover that distance. The spectators would get weary for sure.

Product Recalls in 2011

I wonder if 2011 was the Year of Product Recalls.

I read about so many through the year. Is it because the manufacturers are more concerned or is it that companies are now more quality conscious or is it that the laws favour the consumers?
I wonder.

How do customers feel about the time spent on the replacement? Do they consider it a hassle or do they feel it is good the comapnies took care of them?
I wonder.

I remember the below recalls in 2011:

Replacement of iPod nano (1st gen) because the battery may overheat

Apple link

Toyota recalled 41000 units of Etios and Liva in India to replace a faulty filler hose pipe

Rediff link
Times of India link
Business Standard link

Tata Nano is replacing the starter motor free of cost for 140,000 units

USA Today link
Times of India link
Indian Express link